The Expert Router PCB Manufacturer in China
PCBMay wants you to succeed with all of your projects. With the use of our Router PCB, you will get the best results. Our company is an established PCB fabricator in China
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Trust the Expert in Router PCB Manufacture – PCBMAY
We uphold the best practices in business by giving you the ultimate Router PCB products available in the market. No longer do you need compromise between quality and price, PCBMay is here to help.
With our decades-long experience in the PCB manufacturing industry, we are a recognized global brand. We can deliver your Router PCB order, among others. Whether it is a complex 40 Layer Multilayer PCB, a Rigid-flex PCB, or an Industrial-grade PCB, you can count on us.
Types of Router PCBFor Powerful Connectivity
PCBMay – Excellent Router PCB Supplier
There is no limit to our capacity to design your Router PCB, as long as you tell us what you need and want. In this video, we showcase our equipment and fabrication process to give you a good impression.
It is quite evident that PCBMay is the top-most company you should consider about anything related to PCBs in China.
After all, why buy from unknown brands when you know who is the best? Trust only the best – PCBMay.
Related Router PCB
Router PCB Production Details As Following Up
|Base Material||KB、Shengyi、ShengyiSF305、FR408、FR408HR、IS410、FR406、GETEK、370HR、IT180A、Rogers4350B、Rogers4000、PTFE Laminates(Rogers series、Taconic series、Arlon series、Nelco series)、Rogers/Taconic/Arlon/Nelco laminate with FR-4 material(including partial Ro4350B hybrid laminating with FR-4)|
|Board Type||Backplane、HDI、High multi-layer 、blind&buried PCB、Embedded Capacitance、Embedded resistance board 、Heavy copper power PCB、Backdrill.|
|Copper Thickness||Min. 1/2 OZ, Max. 10 OZ|
|Maximum Board Size||1100*500mm(43”*19”)|
|Min laser drilling size||4mil|
|Solder Mask||Green, Black, Blue, Red, White, Yellow,Purple matte/glossy|
|Surface Treatment||Flash gold(electroplated gold)、ENIG、Hard gold、Flash gold、HASL Lead free、OSP、ENEPIG、Soft gold、Immersion silver、Immersion Tin、ENIG+OSP,ENIG+Gold finger,Flash gold(electroplated gold)+Gold finger,Immersion silver+Gold finger,Immersion Tin+Gold finger.|
|Min. Annular Ring||3mil|
|Aspect ratio||10:1(HASL Lead free、HASL Lead、ENIG、Immersion Tin、Immersion silver、ENEPIG);8:1(OSP)|
|Impedance control||±5ohm(＜50ohm), ±10%(≥50ohm)|
|Other Techniques||Blind/Buried Via|
|Via in Pad|
Here there’re many laminate material datasheets, they’re useful and helpful for you, please see them:
|SUPPLIER||PCB LAMINATE||TYPE||MATERIAL DATASHEET||TG||TD||DK(1MHZ)||DK(1GHZ)||DK(10GHZ)|
|Hitachi||MCL-BE- 67G||Modified Epoxy||DOWNLOAD||140||340||4.9||4.4||–|
|N4000-13EP SI||Modified Epoxy||DOWNLOAD||210-240||350||–||3.4||3.2|
|Stablcor||ST325||–||DOWNLOAD||Thermal conductivity:75w/m.k(with 1oz copper)|
|ST10||–||DOWNLOAD||Thermal conductivity:325w/m.k(with 1oz copper)|
|Bergquist||ht-04503||–||DOWNLOAD||Thermal conductivity:2.2w/m.k(with 1oz copper)|
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You Will Be 100% Satisfied with PCBMay’s Router PCB
PCBMay is an expert in making Router PCBs.
Our very best Router PCB gives you all the essentials you need.
- Support Business Routers and Home Routers
- Smooth connection of office/home network to main internet
- Assure strong wireless connection of all devices
- Reinforce security internet features
- Accommodate advanced GPU, RAM and OS of routers
Giving you the best customer service is part of our company mission. With PCBMay, we assure you that anything you want or need will be answered quickly. Any of your questions about Router PCB design, PCB materials, laminates and fabrication are welcome.
Our facilities in China subscribe to continuous improvement as a quality assurance method. This means that PCBMay makes your Router PCB with less waste—we maximize productivity and minimize idle time in our PCB factory.
Since our professional staff are very dedicated, highly experienced people, we are capable of providing highly complex PCBs. For instance, we can create High-frequency PCBs, High-voltage PCBs, and Automotive PCBs for OEMs. Our list of happy customers is long.
We are very much capable of making a bulk order of Router PCBs, even if it is a customized design. To assure we are doing it right, we provide you a free sample first. Your product will meet IPC Class 2 or 3, as this is the standard we follow.
Our payment terms are flexible too. We will surely accommodate your request with a quick quote. So, do we need to say more? Call us up now! We can’t wait to do business with you.
Router PCB: The Ultimate FAQ Guide
There is no doubt that if you are reading this article, you must have the internet on your phone or computer. And also, it is almost certain that you have a router with a PCB inside it to connect the device wirelessly to the network you are using.
Nowadays, using a router with broadband or GSM network is a common phenomenon. Today, we are going to be answering several questions and discussing router PCB which is used to power the network routers at your home, office, or wherever it is.
- What Is A Router PCB?
- How Does A Router PCB Board Work?
- How To Make A Router PCB?
- What Are The Security Challenges For The Router PCBs?
- What Are The Types Of Router PCB?
- How To Ensure The Durability Of WiFi Router PCB?
- What Is The Operating Principle Of 4G and 5G Router PCB?
- What Is IEEE 802.11 Technology In Router PCB?
- How Are The Router And Modem Different From Each Other?
- Why Is Grounding Important For Router PCB?
- What Are The Components Used In Router PCB?
- What Are The Materials Used For Making Router PCB Boards?
- What Is PBC Button On Router?
- Why Are Chemical Characteristics Important While Choosing Materials For Router PCBs?
- How To Ensure The Signal Integrity Of Router PCB?
- What AOI And In-Circuit Testing In Router PCB?
- What Are The Features Of Router PCBs?
- What Are The Uses Of Router PCBs?
- How To Choose A Router PCB Manufacturer?
What Is A Router PCB?
A router is a networking device that connects multiple devices to the internet bypassing packets. The routers manage traffic between the networks they provide. This happens by forwarding data packets to the objected IPs.
A printed circuit board or PCB is the powerhouse of electronics that consists of different components. The printed circuit board that is used inside the routers to enable functions of the routers is a WiFi router PCB.
Routers also allow multiple devices to use the same network. Most of the routers forward signals to the local area network-LAN and wide-area network-WAN. LAN is limited to a certain local area.
On the other hand, WAN is a large networking area that is used in multiple geographical areas. But the main fact is, LAN is required in every WAN area.
How Does A Router PCB Board Work?
Router PCBs complete a task in different ways. These are routing, speeding packets through the networks, creating a routing table.
Routing means to forward IP packets from one network to another network. The main job here is to connect the devices to the network and control the network traffic. With a minimum of two network interface cards, router PCBs can connect to other networks. A router uses a modem to connect the internet to it.
A Wi-Fi Router
Speeding Packets Through The Network
Router PCBs pass packets through the fastest data path by finding them out in the connected network. To do this thing, routers usually use the value called metric value or preference number.
During passing data, the routers choose the lowest metric value path between two options to send data in the same location. A routing table stores the value into the router PCB.
Creating Routing Table
The routing table is the list of all possible routing paths in the network that might be used to transfer packets to the destination IP address. The router PCB receives IP packets and has to send them anywhere in the network. The information that is needed to send the packets is stored in the routing table.
How To Make A Router PCB?
There are several stages of making a router PCB. This includes designing, making, and assembling. Now, we will be discussing the step by step process of making a router PCB.
Designing And Drawing The Schematic Diagram
The schematic diagram is the blueprint of your router PCB. It describes the shapes, dimensions, and components placements on your router PCB. PCB grounding, conductive traces, and other issues are described in the schematic of the PCB.
Designing The Layout And Layer Stack Up
After successfully designing the schematic, now you are ready to design the layout of your router PCB. Also, the PCB layer stackup should be determined in this section. The PCB layout will be designed based on the schematic. You can import the schematic to your PCBDoc file from the SchDoc file.
Making The Router PCB Board
Make your bare board for printing the layouts and final router PCB. Different PCB materials could be used to make the board. Make ready the board for printing the layout.
Printing The Router PCB Layout
Now, print the PCB layout design into the board you made already. You could print the layout chemically, or pressurized.
After successfully printing the layout into the PCB board, now PCB etching should be completed. Etching is the process of making conductive traces onto the router PCB. Auto routing PCB or router CNC PCB could be used to etch the traces.
Traces Are Conductive Paths Of PCBs
CNC router PCB will be tracing the board with a 3D CNC machine by removing copper from the board. These are non-chemical technology of PCB etching. You also could use a chemical etching process on your router PCB.
Let’s check how a router CNC PCB board is made:
Assembling The Router PCB
Now the time is to assemble your router PCB. Place all components carefully on the board. Solder them with the utmost care, or you can use SMT or press-fit mounting technology as well. Determine the mounting technology before during the schematic stage.
After successfully assembling the board, your router PCB is ready to launch.
What Are The Security Challenges For The Router PCBs?
Since the router PCB works with networking, security issues are a common fact here. So, ultimately, you have to face several security challenges with the design of the router PCBs. The following might be the challenges you would handle for designing a router PCB.
Exploits of Vulnerabilities
Firmware accompanies an actual switch that guides the right activity of the router PCB. Firmware, similar to each and every piece of programming, has imperfections. This makes it simpler for attackers to exploit the router’s security. Accordingly, router firmware should be updated consistently.
Aggressors can take advantage of switches that aren’t fixed, permitting them to screen information or use the routers as a component of a botnet.
DDoS attacks are frequently distributed over the network through the router due to a result of weak network architecture. This might cause the routers to become overloaded or even crash. As a result, a network outage occurs.
DDoS Attack Can Harm Your Network Security
In most cases, the default administration includes just the most minimal security. The username and password for most routers are “admin” and “admin.” The attackers are aware of this security in this scenario.
If you do not change the security credentials as quickly as possible, they can simply break the security of your router remotely.
What Are The Types Of Router PCB?
In terms of connecting a LAN to the network, the router must be connected to a modem first. For this, basically, two types of router PCBs are made for routers: wireless router, and wired router.
The modem is connected to a wireless router via ethernet cable. Signals are then sent by transforming packets from binary coding to radiofrequency. Instead of using a LAN, an antenna is utilized to broadcast them in order to form a WLAN (wireless local area network) connection. This allows for numerous wireless connections to multiple devices.
Wired Router PCB
An Ethernet cable is also used to connect a wired router to the modem. After that, different cables are utilized to connect various devices to the network, by establishing a local area network (LAN) connection.
How To Ensure The Durability Of WiFi Router PCB?
When you produce a router PCB, ensuring durability is a must. A flimsy router PCB will not bring you any benefits. Rather it brings hassle and loss for your business. So, Ensure the durability of your PCB by following the following tips.
- Ensure 25-micron nominal hole coating as per IPC class 3 requirement.
- Avoid track welding and open circuit
- Keep clean the router PCB as per IPC requirement
- Keep control on certain finishes
- Use high-grade materials and components
- Ensure IPC4101 class B/L tolerance standard
- Ensure IPC-SM-840 class T solder mask
- Use thick board
Using A Thick Board Can Increase Durability Of PCB
- Test the PCB under various testing methods to ensure the functionality and durability
- Ensure the right grounding for your router PCBs.
What Is The Operating Principle Of 4G and 5G Router PCB?
Basically, 4g refers to the fourth generation communication system. It is the successor of 3G with two major upgrades: speed and network strength. 4G is a mobile network communication technology.
How Does 4G Router PCB Work?
4G is a protocol that transfers data in packets. 4G is an IP-based network communication system that uses internet protocols for any type of data. The 4G PCB is made based on a highly advanced radiofrequency system that works from a base station.
Masts may be seen all across the terrain. These masts broadcast the required frequency for 4G to function. It’s also difficult for developers to fit as much information as possible into the signals. It also refers to the 4G network’s increased speed and efficiency.
4G uses high-speed download and upload packets to give you broadband-like speeds even when you’re far from your Wi-Fi. On the go, users may typically get rates of up to 21 Mbps. 4G, on the other hand, allows for up to 400 simultaneous connections, whilst 3G only allows for 100.
The fifth-generation communication system is referred to as 5G. Furthermore, it is a new technology, not a successor to 4G. 5G is meant to link everything, including devices, machines, and things, virtually.
The goal of 5G is to give multi-gigabit per second data speeds. Ultra-low latency, better dependability, huge network capacities, and more distinctive user experiences are all advantages. This will improve the user experience and allow the 5G network to link more sectors.
5G Router Is More Powerful Than 4G
How Does 5G-Enabled Router PCB Work?
5G, like existing wireless communication networks, employs improved radiofrequency technology. The radiofrequency used by 5G is less crowded. This enables the transfer of more data at a much quicker rate. Millimeter waves (mmWaves) are the higher frequency band used by 5G.
The mmWaves were previously inaccessible, but they have now been made available for 5G communications. To prevent physical bottlenecks, 5G employs numerous input and output antennae to improve the signal’s throughput over the wireless network.
In contrast to single stand-alone towers, 5G employs compact transmitters installed on buildings and street furniture. More connections are possible with 5G than with 4G, with up to 1000 more connections per meter.
What Is IEEE 802.11 Technology In Router PCB?
IEEE 802.11 is a subset of the IEEE 802 series of LAN specialized norms that characterizes an assortment of MAC and PHY conventions for media access control. These conventions are utilized to impart over a remote neighborhood (WLAN). The IEEE standard, which utilizes Wi-Fi to give the establishment of remote correspondence, is the most generally utilized remote correspondence standard on the planet.
IEEE 802.11 Features Wireless Network Connections
Generally, home and business networks use IEEE 802.11 to let PCs, printers, cellphones, and different gadgets can convey and get to the Internet without the need for links.
Consumer-friendly generation numbering has been used for openly sent 802.11 protocols starting around 2018. The 802.11b, 802.11a, 802.11g, 802.11n, 802.11ac, and 802.11ax advancements are alluded to as Wi-Fi ages 1 through 6, in that arrangement.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) committee manages the IEEE 802 standard.
How Are The Router And Modem Different From Each Other?
Even though the router and modem are sometimes used together to help with the internet network, they are not the same device. Each of them has a specific duty to perform in connecting the network to the internet and to one another.
Modem And Router Are Different In Functionality
The router builds a network as well as handles data flow across networks, which is the main distinction between the router and modem. The modem, on the other hand, links such created networks to the internet.
By translating analog signals into digital signals, the modem provides an internet connection. Any connected device on the network can interpret the signals. To assure internet access, the modem may be linked to an internet device.
A router, on the other hand, will distribute the internet to all devices that are wirelessly linked to it at the same time.
Let’s check the difference between modem and router in detail:
Why Is Grounding Important For Router PCB?
Electrical ground is a conductive body of current flow that permits current to flow back from the router PCBs over a common return channel. It is commonly referred to as the zero-potential node, and all other voltages in the system are measured in relation to it.
Different forms of grounding include earth ground, floating ground, virtual ground, AC ground, chassis ground, and so on.
Grounding Safeguards The PCBs
Grounding is very much important for the performance and durability of PCBs. Because grounding,
- Protects from electric overload
- Stabilizes voltage level
- Saves from shocks
- Prevent damage to the board
- Reduces noises to the board
- Reduces crosstalk and interference.
What Are The Components Used In Router PCB?
Different components are used for different functionalities on router PCBs. Components together establish a system that powers router PCBs. Following are the common components that are used in a router PCB.
- Resistor: Resist current flow by dissipating voltage as heat.
- Capacitor: Holds electric current and releases them when needed.
- Transistor: Switches and controls electric signals.
- Inductor: The inductor holds current as a magnetic field.
- Transformer: Transfers current to the circuits.
- Antenna: Antenna on router PCBs receives signals.
Router PCB Antenna Receives Network Signals
- Diode: Helps current to one direction by blocking other paths.
- Integrated Circuit: ICs are microcontrollers that consist of millions of transistors, capacitors, and resistors.
What Are The Materials Used For Making Router PCB Boards?
The PCB board is made of different materials. There are basically three types of materials used to form a router PCB board. Following are the materials that form a PCB board.
A composite material framed from “pre-impregnated” filaments and a mostly relieved polymer lattice, like epoxy or phenolic gum, or even thermoplastic joined with fluid rubbers or tars, is known as pre-preg.
Prepreg is a thin clothing dielectric insulating material. It is sandwiched between the copper foil and copper-clad laminate. High heat and pressure are used to bond the prepreg with the other materials on the PCBs.
Copper-clad laminate (CCL) is the core material of router PCB which is non-conductive. There are different types of CCL that might be used in a PCB. FR4, Teflon, Polyamide, Flexible laminates, etc., are parts of CCL.
FR4 Is The Most Used Base Material Of PCBs
The most used CCL is FR4. FR refers to the flame retardant. 4 refers to the grade of the FR.
Copper foil is the conductive material of PCBs. Conductive copper traces are etched on copper foil to flow electric current across the PCB board.
What Is PBC Button On Router?
The push-button configuration is referred to by the PBC button on the router. To set up the network, a router has two basic configuration mechanisms. One of them is PBC. The PIN input mechanism is another option. Though the PIN entry system is required for router configuration, the push button is optional.
PBC Button On Router
Push-Button Configuration (PBC)
When using a Wi-Fi-protected network system, the user may need to connect various devices. This is required for data encryption to be enabled by pressing a button. A push-button will be present on the router in this situation. Other gadgets may feature a button that is either physical or software-based.
Why Are Chemical Characteristics Important While Choosing Materials For Router PCBs?
Power and heat impact on the material of your router PCB. So, you have to consider the chemical characteristics of your PCB to coop up the heat.
UL94 is the flammability grade of material. To protect the material from flame, materials must meet the grade. This feature is referred to as the material’s flame retardant. According to UL94, the material will not burn for 10 seconds after being exposed to a flame. The total specimens for a set of five cannot burn for more than 50 seconds with blazing flame.
Moisture absorption affects the thermal and electrical properties of router PCB materials. Moisture absorption refers to a dielectric material’s capacity to endure a liquid condition. The moisture flow rate of most PCB materials is between 0.01 and 0.20%.
Methylene Chloride Resistance (MCR)
MCR refers to the chemical resistance of the PCB board. This directly evaluates the dielectric methylene chloride absorption resistance. The MCR varies from 0.01 to 0.20 percent in general.
How To Ensure The Signal Integrity Of Router PCB?
The signal integrity of a router PCB is the capability of passing flawless signals through it. It is nothing but the strength of the signals. To ensure flawless signal integrity on your router PCB, the following steps could be taken.
Signal Integrity Of Router PCB
- Use high-grade material
- Keep proper distances between the digital and analog circuits
- Keep the impedance controlled during high-frequency passing
- Use proper coating and fabrication
- Use proper vias and grounding for high-speed PCBs
- In traces, stay away from right-point curves and plan to course them with something like two 45° turns. A round curve would be the ideal course to limit any impedance change.
What AOI And In-Circuit Testing In Router PCB?
AOI and In-Circuit testing are two different types of testing methods for router PCBs. Testing is important to ensure the desired requirement during the design part of the PCBs.
Automated optical inspection- AOI is a testing method that uses either a single 2D camera or two 3D cameras to take photos of a PCB. The taken photos will then be compared with the schematic of the PCB. If the produced one accord with the schematic of the PCB, then it is okay.
Camera Is Taking Photos Of PCB To Test
Otherwise, if any fault is found, the board is then referred to a technician who will handle the issue of the board.
In-circuit testing, also known as the bed of nails testing, is the most common testing method of PCB testing, though it is an expensive one. ICT powers up and accentuates every individual circuit on the PCBs. The objective of the test is to cover 100% of the circuit. But, you will get 85 to 90% of accurate results in ICT while making an attempt to get 100% coverage.
Fixed tests are put out in a manner that follows the plan of the PCB in ICT. The tests guarantee that the solder connection is secure. To start the test, the bed of nails analyzer essentially presses the board against the bed of tests. The ICT testing tests can interface with the circuit utilizing pre-designed passageways on the board.
What Are The Features Of Router PCBs?
A router PCB is featured by the following features on it.
- A router sends data packets based on IP addresses.
- The routers employ fast Ethernet, gigabit, and STM connections to deliver high-speed data transfer.
- You may customize your network to meet your specific requirements.
- Data encapsulation is used by routers to avoid interference.
- Routers may connect to both LAN and WAN networks.
- A router distributes data packets across many pathways.
- Routers have the ability to route traffic over a wide network.
What Are The Uses Of Router PCBs?
Router PCBs are used in various sectors to provide flawless internet facilities. The uses of routers are in:
- Base station controller, Media gateway, Serving GPRS Support Node server.
- In both wired and wireless communication.
- Can connect servers all over the world with internet connection.
- Software testers use routers for WAN communication testing.
- By configuring the virtual private network, routers can be used in the client-server model.
- The router can be used in in-built USB ports.
- Routers are used to maintain operations in organizations, known as the NOC centers.
How To Choose A Router PCB Manufacturer?
When you are going to select a manufacturer for your router PCB, you have to create some questions about the ability of the manufacturer. When you find a manufacturer, your needs should be matched with the proper answers to the questions raised in your mind.
These answers will actually help you to find the required features on the manufacturer you are looking for. So, what should be the characteristics of a reliable PCB manufacturer?
- Check if the manufacturer is IPC certified.
- Has vast experience in the PCB manufacturing sector.
- Has a large workspace with the latest supporting technology.
- Ability to produce bulk products at a time.
- Meets deadlines feasibly.
As a high-frequency PCB, router PCB should be produced with the highest level of technical facilities and skills. You would find them useless if they are produced of low quality. Studying more about router PCBs can help you out with the right instruction to produce your desired PCBs.
PCBMay manufactures high-quality router PCBs with the satisfaction of clients. We already supplied numerous PCBs to our clients all over the world. You could knock us today to get your desired service from us.