Your Professional Aerospace PCB Manufacturer in China
PCBMay is a valuable aerospace PCB manufacturer in China. We can offer different kinds of aerospace PCBs for your project.
- Over 12 years aerospace PCB manufacturing experience
- No minimum order quality even 1 piece
- 100% E-test and AOI inspection
- All aerospace PCB boards meet IPC Class 3
- 7/24h sales and tech support
Your Leading Aerospace PCB Manufacturer
As far as printed circuit boards (PCBs) are concerned, the aerospace industry has a growing demand for higher technical performance at an affordable cost.
PCBMay has invested in manufacturing equipment and manufacturing expertise, focusing on the high performance, reliability, and extreme environmental tolerance required by these industries.
If you are looking for a suitable aerospace PCB supplier, you have come to the right place. PCBMay can offer rigid printed circuit boards, flexible circuit boards, and rigid-flexible PCBs. Most aerospace printed circuit boards (PCBs) are using flexible PCBs or rigid-flexible PCBs. They are our expertise.
There are many different applications for aerospace PCBs, including control tower systems, power converters, radar installations, radio communication systems, LED lighting systems, power supplies, and instrumentation.
As a reliable aerospace PCB supplier, PCBMay can control every tolerance within your range. Especially, many aerospace PCBs need to produce with IPC class 3.
Our sales team can follow your local working time and deal with the emails in time. Therefore, you don’t worry about the communication, even we have a different language team to support you.
Do not hesitate to contact us if you have any questions.
PCBMay offers flexible shipping methods for our customers, you may choose from one of the methods below.
DHL offers international express services in over 220 countries.
DHL partners with PCBMay and offers very competitive rates to customers of PCBMay.
It normally takes 3-7 business days for the package to be delivered around the world.
UPS gets the facts and figures about the world’s largest package delivery company and one of the leading global providers of specialized transportation and logistics services.
It normally takes 3-7 business days to deliver a package to most of the addresses in the world.
TNT has 56,000 employees in 61 countries.
It takes 4-9 business days to deliver the packages to the hands
of our customers.
FedEx offers delivery solutions for customers around the world.
It takes 4-7 business days to deliver the packages to the hands
of our customers.
5. Air, Sea/Air, and Sea
If your order is of large volume with PCBMay, you can also choose
to ship via air, sea/air combined, and sea when necessary.
Please contact your sales representative for shipping solutions.
Note: if you need others, please contact your sales representative for shipping solutions.
On our website you can use the following payment methods:
Telegraphic Transfer(TT): A telegraphic transfer (TT) is an electronic method of transferring funds utilized primarily for overseas wire transactions. It’s very convenient to transfer.
Bank/Wire transfer: To pay by wire transfer using your bank account, you need to visit your nearest bank branch with the wire transfer information. Your payment will be completed 3-5 business days after you have finished the money transfer.
Paypal: Pay easily, fast and secure with PayPal. many other credit and debit cards via PayPal.
Credit Card: You can pay with credit card: Visa, Visa Electron, MasterCard, Maestro.
Related Other PCB Products
Why Choose PCBMay for Your Aerospace PCB
As a one-stop aerospace PCB solution manufacturer, PCBMay can provide different services for you, from PCB layout, manufacturing, and assembly. Every process is under one roof and does not need to outsourcing, so you don’t worry about our quality.
We have over 500 workers in our workshop and the monthly production capacity is 40,000 square meters. Even in the peak season, when you have large demands, we can always support you.
Aerospace PCB needs high-TG laminates, heavy copper or higher thermal conductivity of Aluminum substrates, we have sufficient raw materials for them in stock.
The aerospace industry is a unique, highly rigorous, and mission-critical industry. When you need aerospace PCBs, you have to be very careful and choose one reliable PCB supplier as your partner.
Aerospace PCBs require high technical performance and extreme environmental conditions. Cooperating with a PCB company such as PCBMay will ensure the manufactured PCB meets your performance specifications while being cost-effective
We can also offer quick-turn service for your aerospace PCBs. When you need to take your aerospace products into effect immediately, we will help you to produce the prototype of aerospace PCB within 24h.
Just send your inquiry to us, our sales team will support you.
Aerospace PCB: The Ultimate FAQ Guide
You would need a highly reliable printed circuit board that can perform under extreme conditions for aerospace PCB.
The aerospace industry is highly particular and critical, and even the slightest quality issue can endanger hundreds of human lives.
Our clients ask us about quality, strength, and many other aspects of aerospace PCB. That’s why we came up with this complete FAQ guide on aerospace PCB.
- What Is Aerospace PCB?
- What Are The Types Of Aerospace PCB Based On The Application Nature?
- What Industry Standards Are Applied To Aerospace PCB Development
- What Are The Types Of Aerospace PCB Based On Design And Functions?
- What Are The Features Of Aerospace PCB?
- What Does a Manufacturer Do To Make an Aerospace PCB Work In Extreme Temperature in Space?
- What Design Standard To Follow For Designing Aerospace PCB?
- What Is The Fabrication Process Of Aerospace PCB?
- What Is The Assembly Process Of Aerospace PCB?
- How To Test Aerospace PCB Assembly?
- How To Package Aerospace PCBs?
- What Are The Applications Of Aerospace PCB?
- How To Find The Best Aerospace PCB Manufacturer?
1. What Is Aerospace PCB?
In electronics manufacturing, circuit boards are mandatory. The engine of every electronics appliance is made with PCB and its components. A PCB directs electrical charges integrated for seamless functions.
As the name suggests, aerospace PCBs are those you would see in the aerospace industry. It is also used in military war crafts and also uses aerospace PCBs.
As you can understand, this industry is susceptible and has potential risks of severe casualties. The aerospace PCBs should have unique features.
Aerospace PCB must be highly durable, shock-absorbing capability, humidity resistance, etc.
What materials should be used in aerospace PCB also depends on the type of the application.
As airplanes can be exposed to extreme temperatures, copper, aluminum, laminates substrates are widely used in aerospace PCBs.
2. What Are The Types Of Aerospace PCB Based On The Application Nature?
Based on the application process, you would see three types of aerospace PCBs. They are:
1. One-Sided Aerospace PCB
In a single-sided aerospace PCB board, you will find the mounted components on one side of the board. They are the most basic type of aerospace PCB and are used to build circuits of surveillance machines and switching relays.
2. Two-Sided Aerospace PCB
In two-sided or double-sided aerospace PCBs, you will have two layers of mounted components. They are more advanced than single-sided aerospace PCBs and are widely used in manufacturing power supply devices. You can see a double-sided PCB in LED lighting also.
3. Multilayer Aerospace PCB
Multilayer PCBs are the most complex type of aerospace PCBs. These PCBs contain more than two layers (at least 3) of conductive materials.
Multilayer Aerospace PCB
These boards provide the designer more flexibility to add functionalities to the devices. Moreover, they are also used in devices with GPS technology for the aerospace industry.
3. What Industry Standards Are Applied To Aerospace PCB Development
The following industry standards are applied to aerospace PCB development
ISO 9100 – This is a globally recognized ISO (International organization of standardization) QMSs baseline to derive other standards. This standard is open to any organization for customer satisfaction. QMS processes, higher management responsibilities, and ongoing improvement.
Aerospace PCB Manufacturer Must Be Iso Certified
SAE or the Society of Automotive Engineers also introduced a set of standards for aerospace PCB development. They are:
AMS2750E – This standard covers the device’s pyrometric requirements: instruments, thermals sensors, thermal processing appliances, and assessment: observing and investigating to confirm coherence to heat treatment specification.
AS478N – Defines the marking type and where to locate them for aerospace components.
AS5553A – This standard sets the general requirements for every organization in the supply chain (integration and procurement).
AS9006A – Determines software and other supporting components of the software. This also includes any devices or components that can be a part of the software or uploaded to the aerospace system.
AS9100D – Determines the QMS conditions for aerospace industry suppliers. It also covers the manufacturing process (in-house or outsourced), customer satisfaction, and management responsibilities.
AS9101E – Covers the QMS guidelines for reporting and auditing.
AS9102B – List’s baseline FAI (First article inspection) criteria.
** Other standards or guidelines developed for multiple industries are not listed above.
From the above list, you can see that significant industry standards are applied to the aerospace industry’s electronic component manufacturing process. But which standard controls which part of the manufacturing? For better understanding, we have created a table describing which standards are used in which manufacturing process.
|Industry Standard For Aerospace||Manufacturing Area|
|AMS2750E||Testing, Component Procurement|
|AS9006A||Assembly, Component Procurement, Assembly|
|AS9100D||Component Procurement, Fabrication, Assembly, Specifications, Testing|
Know more about design standard
4. What Are The Types Of Aerospace PCB Based On Design And Functions?
Here is the list of most common aerospace PCBs that you can see in most applications:
● Rigid PCB
You can never twist or fold a Rigid PCB into another shape. You will find rigid PCBs in auxiliary power units. Cockpit instruments of an airplane, temperature sensors, and power converters use rigid PCB.
Moreover, they are widely used in manufacturing control tower instruments.
● Flexible PCB
As the name suggests, flexible PCBs are flexible, and you can twist them easily. They are made of plastic substrates like polyimide. They are widely used as connectors in different applications in the aerospace industry.
● Rigid-flex PCB
Rigid PCBs use both flexible and rigid board technology. These PCBs come with minimal weight and occupy less space. The features of Rigid PCBs make it an ideal choice for the aviation industry.
● RF PCB
In the aviation industry, radiofrequency PCBs are mandatory. They are responsible for making communication devices that pilots use for seamless communication.
● High-Speed PCB
Physical features of high-speed PCBs such as layout, packaging, and interconnection impact signal integrity.
High-Speed Aerospace PCB
The aviation industry uses high-speed PCBs to manufacture those communication devices that are considered highly reliable.
● Metal Core PCB
In the metal core PCB, you will see metal at the core. Mostly aluminum, copper, and steel alloy are used in metal core PCB. These PCBs can manage heat very efficiently, and aviation industries use them to increase heat dissipation.
● Aluminum PCB
Aluminum can dissipate heat very efficiently and does not cost more. In the compression and decompression process, airplanes generate a considerable amount of heat, and aluminum PCB boards disseminate them.
● HDI PCB
High-density interconnects, or HDI PCBs can make lighter and faster products. These PCBs can integrate Micro vias leveraging blind vias.
5. What Are The Features Of Aerospace PCB?
Before you invest in aerospace PCB, you should know the features very well. Here are the characteristics of Aerospace PCBs.
Handles Extreme Conditions Efficiently
As we have described earlier, you need solid PCBs for the aerospace industry. They should be more sturdy than the standard PCB you see in typical electronic devices.
Aerospace devices deal with lots of heat, and the copper and aluminum substrates with high-temperature laminates tackle that temperature. For proper heat transformation, you will also see thermal compounds in an airspace PCB.
Reliable PCB Material
Manufacturers integrate additional features in the fabrication and design process of aerospace PCBs. For heat dissipation, they apply thermal compounds, for example, aluminum.
Critical traces have to be grounded or shielded. As they are open to hostile situations, manufacturers spray them with acrylic spray.
In the aerospace industry, extreme vibration and shock are common phenomena. Manufacturers alter the board’s design to counter those vibrations and shocks.
Here you will see pins instead of soldering. This way, the board holds its component tighter. Sometimes both pin and soldering are applied.
Reliable and Durable
The most crucial factor of aerospace PCBs is reliability. Aviation electronics have to go through an aggressive environment, and they have to transmit satellite signals without interruption or failure.
Aerospace PCBs Should Be Durable And Reliable
Consequently, the aerospace PCBs are built with sturdy substrates, and manufacturers pin or solder the components firmly on the top of the board to stay there intact for a long time.
Can Withstand Radiations
Outer space PCBs have to face a high level of radiation, and that can damage the PCB board easily.
On that account, the design of Aerospace PCBs must be radiation preventive. To achieve that, manufacturers apply anti-fuse technology, which enhances radiation tolerance.
Can Tackle Varying Frequencies
The aviation industry depends on radio waves for communication purposes. And Those signals must be transmitted regardless of the environment or situation.
The antenna and strategic places need to be shielded. The transmission lines are shorter to establish constant transmission.
Manufacturers cover the exposed copper area with an invisible coating, including solder masking and aerosol coating.
Epoxy coatings are also used sometimes because they can create practical barriers to oxidation resulting in corrosion.
The coating must tolerate the thermal specification of the aerospace PCB.
Withstands Aerospace Standards and Protocols
Aerospace PCB manufacturers have to meet the standards. We have mentioned the criteria earlier in this article. Every aerospace manufacturer has to maintain those standards in every layer of the manufacturing process.
After tackling the fluctuating temperature, the aerospace PCB also has to be corrosion resistant. Manufacturers have to use suitable materials to achieve that property.
6. What Does a Manufacturer Do To Make an Aerospace PCB Work In Extreme Temperature in Space?
In outer space, devices have to endure temperatures as low as minus 150 degrees Celsius. Apart from that, in space, there is no air that will transfer heat. In that case, only radiation can transfer heat.
Aerospace Pcb Can Work In Minus 150 Degree C
Manufacturers utilize unique high-temperature laminates, aluminum, and copper substrate in an aerospace PCB to tackle this situation. Manufacturers also use some thermal compounds so that heat can not transfer to other electronic parts. Components are twenty-thousandths of an inch distant from the surface of the board. Fans are also used to disseminate extra heat.
7. What Design Standard To Follow For Designing Aerospace PCB?
For making an aerospace PCB more robust, there are specific design and layout considerations to follow.
Aerospace Pcb Circuit Diagram
You have to utilize the appropriate mil-spec components. You will also have to consider current, among other crucial factors, and design additional cushions accordingly.
- First, you have to secure the additional current that the PCB circuitry will generate.
- You have to design the PCB in such a way that it can carry additional amperes if the other two fail.
- Assignaspect ratio to deal with the bare board’s balance according to the vias when you drill the latter. The ratio should be 1:10; if you exceed that, that will endanger the reliability.
- When designing, you have to separate the ground planes and power. You have to separate low and high-frequency ones.
- Oscillating components are likely to produce waveforms when using those at high frequencies and can affect lower frequency components.
- Shield and make sure the clock signals are clean. You can use aluminum or similar materials to achieve that.
- Now you have to verify the impedance calculations. As you can not test aerospace applications in a familiar environment, you must run pre-layout simulations.
- You have to use simulation software to make it possible. Thus you will be able to achieve standard recommendations or alter the design accordingly. And you will be able to know whether your PCB is working optimally or not.
- Maintain a strict 45-degree angle in the process of trace routing your aerospace PCB. Curved traces can transmit currents within the circuitry smoothly, which is why they are mostly preferred.
You have to do cushioning to the mechanical holes for strength and efficiency.
You can use FR4, G10, or Cyanate Ester for low-frequency applications. For high frequency, you have to use the Rodger series, Droids, and Teflon-based materials.
Learn more about PCB manufacturing
8. What Is The Fabrication Process Of Aerospace PCB?
The fabrication process of aerospace needs some unique treatments compared to the standard PCB fabrication process. You have to perform some additional developments in every stage of traditional PCB fabrication. Here are the steps:
- Sequential Limitation– You have to complete this process with polymer matrix composites. They are light and stiff but resistant to heat.
- Blind and Buried Vias– You will use these to connect PCB layers to connect the outer and inner layers. Buried vias connect outer layers without penetrating them.
- Filled Vias – You have to use non-conductive and conductive filled vias to protect them from solder or other contaminations. It also works as structural support to the copper pad.
- Stacked Vias and Laser Drilling – Laser drilling is essential in the aerospace industry to create vias. It is also applicable for composite materials and FR4.
- Heatsinks– For insulting the heat sinks, you have to use high-grade thermal compounds. This process is vital for pad PCB boards and ensures lesser vibration.
- Castellation and Edge Plaiting –
- Edge Plaiting and Castellation – This allows aerospace PCB’s modification. You can drill a hole more efficiently and create milling slots.
- Thermal Compound Application – As thermal compounds insulate heat sinks, you have to apply them. Aerospace PCBs can be exposed to different temperature levels.
- Soldering of swages– You have to use this in the soldering of aerospace PCB.
9. What Is The Assembly Process Of Aerospace PCB?
Some of the processes of aerospace assembly are as follows:
For perfect execution in the manufacturing process, the planning and designing phase is crucial. You should follow every step carefully in the design and layout process.
You have to check every specification that can cause flaws.
Solder Paste Application
You have to apply solder paste on the board. Stencils are used here to create different sizes and shapes.
This automatic process enables component placement on the board’s targeted areas. Robotics machines are used in this process as they are operated by software.
Solder Paste Application
You have to apply solder paste properly after you are finished with component placement. Conveyor belts are used to put through the aerospace PCB and go through a reflow oven. You have to use a standard industrial oven to augment the excess solder paste melting.
Then they are revealed to cooler heaters to cool down and solidify melted paste and hold the board’s component firmly.
At this step, you have run an inspection to identify any functionality issue. A Poor quality connection can lead to an operational flaw. The first check is done manually, and then digital machines are used.
Through-hole insertion is required for aerospace PCB components because the aerospace industry primarily uses multi-layered PCBs. This process ensures the signals can pass through from one side of the board to the other side.
In the final stage, you have to check the electrical properties and functionalities. This process includes current and voltage inspection. Single outputs are also considered in this inspection. As the plane can be exposed to various risks, any flaw in this stage can be disastrous.
Cleaning the aerospace PCB is crucial as any residue can interfere with the functionality and cause harm. You have to use deionized water to wash the board and dry it with compressed air.
10. How To Test Aerospace PCB Assembly?
When you are finished with the assembly process, it’s time to test your aerospace PCB. This is a crucial step and MUST be performed as aerospace PCBs are too sensitive.
A tiny error can cause a drastic failure and translate into disaster.
In the testing process, you have to confirm that the aerospace PCB follows the design specification and standards of the aerospace industry. It also helps to identify the PCB has achieved desired features appropriately.
In most cases, a prototype PCB is manufactured, and the manufacturer can detect flaws during the prototyping process.
As aviation products are too sensitive, manufacturing the final product before prototyping is never recommended. The production PCB must go through the prototyping process.
Before rolling out for final production, the prototype MUST meet all the requirements and standards provided by the aviation industry.
11. How To Package Aerospace PCBs?
Packaging aerospace PCB is a sophisticated process.
Aerospace PCBs have to be adequately packaged to prevent any damage. The slightest damage can occur in a catastrophic occurrence in the future. In the shipping process, special boxes are needed for special protection.
The cushion should be used in the box to prevent internal movement; otherwise, the result can be destructive.
12. What Are The Applications Of Aerospace PCB?
Aerospace PCBs are used in various devices in the aerospace industry. Some of them are:
Radio Communication Systems
In the aerospace industry, radio communication is a must. This helps communication between the control tower and the crew. Aerospace PCB makes that communication efficient and seamless.
Airplane Communication System
Radio waves are transmitted through radar installations, and for communication purposes, these are crucial. Aerospace PCBs are mandatory in this installation, and they are highly resistant against vulnerable weather conditions.
Sensors detect pressure, signals, heat, etc., and therefore are crucial in the aerospace industry. Sensors need to be reliable and stable, and at the same time, cost-effective. Aerospace PCBs offer those qualities.
Power converters convert electricity from one form to another form, and in the aerospace industry, these are very sensitive.
For example, space shuttles depend on this to fly in space. Therefore, any type of flaw or failure here will be catastrophic.
Converters made with aerospace PCBs are made in such a way that they can handle space radiation to ensure efficiency.
A power supply supplies power to the electric boards. So, failure is never an option in this case. Aerospace PCBs designed for power supply can handle power fluctuation.
LED Lighting Systems
The aviation industry widely uses LED lights, and aerospace PCBs are used to manufacture those lights. Any flaw in the LED lighting system will be catastrophic so that delicate aerospace PCBs are used to manufacture LED lights for the aviation industry.
You will find this in the flight deck to electronically display flight data. It is also a very sensitive plane component. Aerospace PCBs used here must be highly durable.
These devices measure and send data to display temperature. Airplanes face fluctuating temperatures, and these data must be accurate.
Aerospace PCBs used to build these sensors must be able to endure fluctuating temperatures.
Engine Control Systems
These PCBs help to operate the engine efficiently and need extreme heat endurance.
Audio Interface Applications
The flight data recorder is a good example here. This equipment records every spoken information over the radio. They also store data, and in case of an accident, that data helps to find out the exact reason for the occurrence.
13. How To Find The Best Aerospace PCB Manufacturer?
Before finding the best Aerospace PCB manufacturer, you should consider the following:
The supplier must be an expert in aerospace PCB. You can ensure that from the provider’s certification. If they are certified by relevant aerospace bodies, then you can trust them. The
Spacecraft and airplane PCBs must be made with professional expertise. Therefore, the staff also have to be certified experts.
Thus you can guarantee quality PCBs and avoid any hazardous outcome.
Experience is also a mandatory factor while choosing an aerospace manufacturer. Experienced manufacturers can ensure reliability in the fabrication and assembly processes.
So, search for an experienced manufacturer who works with a professional workforce.
Aerospace PCB Manufacturer
High Tech Technological
Advanced technology ensures product quality and efficiency. And technology is evolving day by day. New technology finds the errors of previous technology and corrects them. So, find a manufacturer who uses the latest technology in the manufacturing process.
Aerospace PCBs are not cheap. They are built to tackle numerous environmental phenomena. So, a warranty is mandatory when you are finding a manufacturer. The warranty also shows the manufacturer’s confidence in his products.
The manufacturer should be able to work with logistics and freight forwarders to transport your PCB shipment safely and secured. The packaging process and monitoring the shipping process are also crucial because a silly mistake can be costly.
You should also consider their after-sales service. If anything happens to your PCB, how promptly they react to your query and offer replacement is also considerable.
Provides detailed guideline on how to use their PCBs
Provides a client list so that you can cross-check their product quality.
Aerospace PCBs are essential in the aviation industry, and you have to consider several factors before investing in these PCBs. From the design to production, every process is delicately handled.
Aerospace PCBs must be durable and reliable. We have described the design, fabrication, and assembly process. You should pick your aerospace manufacturer carefully to ensure PCB quality.